Inositol Deficiency: an Intestinal Lipodystrophy in the Gerbil. The Journal of Nutrition, Volume 103, Issue 2, February 1973,. INTESTINAL LIPODYSTROPHY, SERUM CHOLESTEROL LEVELS AND INOSITOL DEFICIENCY IN GERBILS. Nutrition Reviews, Volume 32, Issue 7, 1 January 2009. Like Mongolian gerbils Meriones unguiculatus, Meriones libycus develop an intestinal lipodystrophy due to myoinositol deficiency. Fat accumulation was observed in the intestine of both species when a myoinositol-deficient diet containing coconut oil was given to female gerbils. It began in the duodenum and gradually extended to the entire. inositol to the diet, was markedly in- lates in the intestine or liver during inositol fluenced by the type and chain length of deficiency has not been fully elucidated al-the dietary fatty acids. In inositol-deficient though several explanations have been pre-gerbils, saturated fat caused a greater ac- sented. The intestinal lipodystrophy in the. 16/02/2017 · Inositol deficiency in animals has been shown to produce an accumulation of triglyceride in liver, intestinal lipodystrophy, and other abnormalities. The metabolic mechanisms giving rise to these latter phenomena have been extensively studied as a function of dietary inositol.
04/12/2016 · Inositol is a naturally occurring sugar-alcohol present in plants and animals, either in its free form, as a phospholipid component or as inositol phosphate IP esters. Dietary inositol is readily absorbed from the intestine via SMIT1 with levels being detectable in the blood as well as in. 89 Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 664 1981 897 lsevier/North-Holland Biomical Press BBA 57768 wyo-INOSITOL ACTION ON GERBIL INTESTINE REVERSAL OF A DIET-INDUCED LIPODYSTROPHY AND CHANGE IN MICROSOMAL LIPASE ACTIVITY SHU-HEH W. CHU and ROBERT P. GEYER Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA.
Inositol deficiency in animals has been shown to produce an accumulation of triglyceride in liver, intestinal lipodystrophy, and other abnormalities. The metabolic mechanisms giving rise to these latter phenomena have been extensively studied as a function of dietary inositol. 30/01/2015 · Inositol is important for assisting with the functioning of various intra-cellular processes. Inositol is considered conditionally essential, as it normally can be synthesized by the body via intestinal bacteria, from glucose, however under certain conditions. 07/02/2017 · 1. Annu Rev Nutr. 1986;6:563-97. Metabolism and function of myo-inositol and inositol phospholipids. Holub BJ. Alterations in the level of dietary inositol can significantly influence the concentration of free inositol and inositol-containing phospholipid in the circulation and in selected mammalian tissues and cells. 23/04/1981 · Myo-inositol action on gerbil intestine: reversal of a diet-induced lipodystrophy and change in microsomal lipase activity. Chu SH, Geyer RP. An intestinal lipodystrophy induced by dietary fat in female Mongolian gerbils Meriones unguiculatus was reversed to normal by myo-inositol given in the diet or by injection within 1-4 days.
myo-Inositol action on gerbil intestine: Association of phosphatidylinositol metabolism with lipid clearance Author links open overlay panel Shu-Heh W. Chu Robert P. Geyer Show more. In particular, it was noted that female gerbils fed a diet containing high coconut oil relatively saturated develop an intestinal lipodystrophy that is not seen in animals fed a diet containing 20% safflower oil relatively unsaturated or a diet of 20% coconut oil supplemented with 0.1% inositol. lipoprotein output and intestinal lipodystrophy. The recommended dose is 400 mg/kg diets to obtain normal males. Also, the results explained the mechanism of inositol action through reproduction dysfunctions and recruitment failure which occurred at dose more than 400 mg/kg MI and the.
1391 Shirmohammad et al., A review on the role of inositol in aquaculture thus impairment of lymphatic transport of dietary fat Hegsted et al., 1973; Chu and Geyer, 1983. High acetyl-CoA carboxylase activity as well as lipolysis in the adipose tissue may also contribute. Inositol, sometimes called vitamin B8, is one of the B complex vitamins that the body needs in small amounts daily to stay healthy. However it is not officially recognised as a vitamin as it can be synthesized in the body from glucose, by intestinal bacteria. This study presents the characterization of myo-inositol MI uptake in rat intestine as evaluated by use of purified membrane preparations. Three secondary active MI cotransporters have been ident. The effect of myo-inositol and essential fatty acids on the altered metabolism of lip ids As revealed in Table IV, the composition of fatty acids in the dietary fats appears to be critical for the development of lipodystrophy due to myo-inositol deficiency in the rats. Metabolism and function of myo-inositol and inositol phospholipids. [B J Holub]. The severe intestinal lipodystrophy that develops in female gerbils consuming inositol-deficient diets is likely mediated by a reduced synthesis of PI and the associated.
14/11/2019 · Read chapter 6 Nutrient Requirements of the Gerbil: In the years since the third edition of this indispensable reference was published, a great deal has b. 15/11/2019 · Page 262. 12 Other Substances in Food. Several substances naturally present in foods are known to be required in the diets of various animal or microbial species, but there is little or no evidence of their dietary essentiality for humans.
07/05/1992 · Inositol influences cellular function and organ maturation. Feeding premature infants inositol-rich breast milk increases their serum inositol concentrations. Whether inositol supplementation benefits infants receiving fluids for parenteral nutrition, which are inositol.
There is no evidence that inositol is a dietary essential, because it is synthesized by all eukaryotic cells. Infants may have a higher requirement than can be met by endogenous synthesis, and dietary inositol is a growth factor for the newborn mouse. In female gerbils, inositol is a. Moreover, inositol triphosphate influences the release of intracellular Ca Irvine and Schell, 2001. Humans and most animal species do not express a dietary need for MYO. Signs of MYO deficiency have been demonstrated only in certain species of fish and gerbils Kroes, 1978. SMIT2 mediates all myo-inositol uptake in apical membranes of rat small intestine Rym Aouameur,1 Sandra Da Cal,1 Pierre Bissonnette,1 Michael J. Coady,1 and Jean-Yves Lapointe1,2. Interest in inositol as a nutrient was stimulated initially by the work of Woolley 1941 who reported that the alopecia that developed in albino mice raised on a semipurified diet was cured by adding inositol to the ration. Shortly thereafter, however, considerable doubt arose over the status of inositol. Lipodystrophy Syndromes: Diagnosis and Treatment. Phosphatidyl Inositol Cardiolipin Phosphatidyl Choline Phosphatidyl Ethanolamine Phosphatidyl Serine MGAT Acyl-CoA CoA. Pathophysiology of Lipodystrophy Leptin deficiency and abnormal adipokine.
Myo-inositol deficiency in gerbils: comparative study of the intestinal lipodystrophy in Meriones unguiculatus and Meriones libycus. J Nutr 110: 1209–1216, 1980. Crossref PubMed ISI Google Scholar; 8 Chu SW, Geyer RP. myo-Inositol action on gerbil intestine. Association of phosphatidylinositol metabolism with lipid clearance. inositol is considered to be a growth factor for certain organisms and an indicator of abnormal metabolism or disease in humans Holub, 1986. In rodents and fish its deficiency may be associated with fatty liver, intestinal lipodystrophy and a lack of growth. Deranieh et al. 2009 reported that the lack of myo-inositol in.
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